МОВА І СУСПІЛЬСТВО




Issue 1, 2010




MODERN SOCIOLINGUISTICS : THEORY DEVELOPMENT TRENDS AND TASKS

Halyna Matsyuk

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
h_matsyuk@yahoo.com

The article outlines the relations of sociolinguistics with new disciplines, object field differentiation, theory and meta-theory formation, updating of research methods and development of idioethnical content of sociolinguistics knowledge. Trends in theory development are explored on the basis of data from various sociolinguistics traditions. The task of Ukrainian sociolinguistics is articulated.

Key words: sociolinguistics theory, sociolinguistics tradition, sociolinguistics methods, Ukrainian sociolinguistics.


NOTION OF LANGUAGE FASHION AS SOCIO- AND LINGUO-CULTURAL CATEGORY

Olha Albul

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
albul.olga@gmail.com

The article attempts to interpret the terms language fashion/fashion in language, fashionable word in Slavonic Studies. It presents a comparative analysis of theoretical principles and practical results based on their application for the purpose of elucidating the reasons behind divergences in understanding the notions of language fashion and language element (word). It describes fashion manifestations at various levels of language system and outlines evaluative criteria of this phenol¬menon in linguistics as well as different approaches to selecting fashionable words.

Key words: language fashion/fashion in language, fashionable word, media language.


SOCIOLINGUISTICS AND LINGUOCULTURAL STUDIES: COMMON AND DIVERGENT FEATURES IN APPROACHES TO STUDYING INTERACTION OF LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

Yuriy Rymashevskyi

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
ukr_fenomen@ukr.net

The article contrasts object, subject, categorial apparatus as well as methodology of so¬ciolinguistics and linguocultural studies. It has been established that the problems of linguocultural relations, which is the object of linguocultural studies, is only one of the aspects of sociolinguistic research. Simultaneously, aspects of linguocultural studies linked to defining cultural semantics of social and territorial dialects become the signs of sociolinguistic analysis.

Key words: language, culture, sociolinguistics, linguocultural studies, object, subject, method.


CONVERGENCE OF COGNITIVE AND LINGUISTIC TRENDS IN RESEARCH OF SPEECH PERSONALITY

Viktoriya Ryhovanova

Horlivka State Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages
25, Rudanova Str., Horlivka, Donetsk Region, 84626, Ukraine
vikatriada@yandex.ru

The author defines the principles of analyzing speech personality in linguistics and psychology taking into account the cognitive approach. The article reviews Kelly’s personal construct theory and Karaulov’s theory taking into account the correlation of these theories for describing speech personality in linguistics. The conclusion has been made on correlativity of theories under analysis since both cognitive theories rely upon three-level personality structure as well as perceptiveness of this research for sociolinguistics.

Key words: speech personality, personal construct theory.


INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIUM ON NAMING THE CHARACTERS OF LONGUS’ NOVEL «DAPHNIS AND CHLOE»

Inesa Makar

Yuriy Fedkovych National University of Chernivtsi
2, Kotsubynskoho Str., Chernivtsi, 58012, Ukraine
inesa_makar@yahoo.com

The article highlights the influence of the society on naming the characters of the novel «Daphnis and Chloe» by Longus, ancient Greek writer of the end of the II century. An attempt has been made to characterize the semantics of characters’ names and their role in text structure. Dependence of anthroponyms on characters’ social affiliation has been observed. The usage of anthroponyms in Longus’ novel indicates that they actively participate in creating lexical idiosystem of the author and have social significance.

Key words: creative literary anthroponymy, ancient Greek, proper name, semantics, idiostyle, society.


«CHRONICLES OF ANCIENT CHRONOGRAPHERS» BY FEODOSIY SAFONOVYCH AS A MIRROR OF LANGUAGE CONSCIOUSNESS OF UKRAINIANS IN ХVII CENTURY

Iryna Farion

Lviv Polytechnic National University
12, Bandery Str., 79013, Ukraine
iryna.farion@gmail.com

The article focuses on language consciousness of Ukrainians on the basis of significant historiographic record of ХVII century by Feodosiy Safonovych «Chronicles of Ancient Chronographers». Language consciousness has been analyzed in the context of Christian ideology under conditions of Church Slavonic – Rus languages diglossia and universal linguistic categories of the Middle Ages. Conclusions have been made on Biblical interpretation of language as creative category, comprehensive etymological method as a means of cognizing nature of things and generic interpretation of Slavonic language at the absence of defined notion of ‘Rus language’.

Key words: sociolinguistics, language consciousness, etymological analysis.


EPISTOLARY HERITAGE OF THE END OF ХІХ – BEGINNING OF ХХ CENTURY AS A SOURCE FOR RESEARCHING THE SOCIOLECT OF UKRAINIAN INTELLECTUALS

Inna Cherkez

Chernivtsi Regional Institute of Postgraduate Pedagogical Studies
16, Franko Str.,Chernivtsi, 58012, Ukraine
inna-cherkez@yandex.ru

The article outlines theoretical and practical aspects of distinguishing the speech of intel¬lectuals of the end of XIX – the beginning of XX century as a social dialect. On the basis of epistolary texts of Ukrainian intellectuals of the period indicated above the author defines the features typical for this social stratum (sociolectisms): social and political, official and business, professional vocabulary; occasional neologisms.

Key words: epistolary style, Ukrainian intellectuals, sociolect, sociolectism, colloquial lan¬guage, foreign vocabulary items, occasionalisms.


SOCIOLINGUISTIC COMMENTS IN «THE GRAMMAR OF THE UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE» BY VASYL SIMOVYCH

Nina Huyvaniuk

Yuriy Fedkovych National University of Chernivtsi
2, Kotsubynskoho Str., Chernivtsi, 58012, Ukraine
nina_gujwanjuk@mail.ru

The article provides account of sociolinguistic comments by Vasyl Simovych, the author of «The Grammar of the Ukrainian Language» (1919), where the social nature of language phenomena is reflected together with their history and territory of distribution. It is one of theoretical principles of the Ukrainian scholar which was tracked in his activity as a member of Prague Linguistic Circle. The members of this circle laid down the foundations of European sociolinguistics defining the prospects of its further development.

Key words: sociolinguistics, language social nature, history of sociolinguistics, Prague Linguistic Circle, Vasyl Simovych.


UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE POLICY OF THE YEARS 1991–2009 : A VIEW FROM OUTSIDE

Juliane Besters-Dilger

Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg
Freiburg, Germany
juliane.besters-dilger@slavistic.uni_freiburg.de

The article explores the Ukrainian language as a nation shaping factor. It explains the conditions for realizations of the following concepts of Leonid Kravchuk: «Nation is based on language» and «No language – no nation». The ideas of Leonid Kuchma and aspects of Ukrainization policy of Viktor Yushchenko are discussed. The author considers that «Nation shaping with the aid of the Ukrainian language» is not topical for modern pro-government politicians in Ukraine.

Key words: Ukrainian language, Russian language, Ukrainization, Russification, Ukrainian nation, political power.


LANGUAGE POLICY OF YULIYA TYMOSHENKO’S GOVERNMENT

Nadiya Kniazev

State University of Information and Communication Technologies
7, Solomyanuka Str., Kyiv, 03110, Ukraine
golyn@ukr.net

The article describes language policy of the Ministry of Ukraine under the leadership of Yuliya Tymoshenko. Governmental measures on validating the Ukrainian language as a state language are exemplified by normative acts of Ukraine and legal initiatives of the Ministry. The author exposes the reasons for inefficient language policy in supporting the functions of the Ukrainian language as a state language.

Key words: state language, power, language policy, Ministry of Ukraine.


DRAFT LAW «ON LANGUAGES IN UKRAINE» AND THE DISCOURSE OF UKRAINIAN MASS MEDIA

Petro Lunyo

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
montenj@mail.ru

The article identifies the ways of interpreting the draft law «On Languages in Ukraine» in printed mass media. Disclosing the conclusions of experts on the draft law, its aim and purpose, interpretation of European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages and regulations of the Ukrainian Constitution, compliance with legal norms, society reaction, publication and historical and anti-historical discourses reveals two language images of Ukraine: a state with a single state language and legally bilingual state.

Key words: draft law «On Languages in Ukraine», language image of Ukraine, mass media.


MONTENEGRIN LANGUAGE TODAY (SOCIOLINGUAL ASPECT)

Liudmyla Vasylyeva

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
milav2000@yahoo.com

The article provides account of the development of Montenegrin language as official language related to independent status of Montenegro. Council for Standardization was established in 2008 in order to settle language issues. «Official Courier» of Montenegro government with assistance of the Ministry of Education and Science of Montenegro published the orthography of the Montenegrin language where a range of specific features was presented. Though, in fact, two languages – Serbian and Croatian – are currently functioning in the country.

Key words: Montenegrin language, official, standard language, Shtokavian system, linguistic norm.


WAYS OF LANGUAGE POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN JAPAN (HISTORY AND PRESENT TIME)

Yuliya Dzyabko

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
yuliya.dzyabko@hotmail.com

The article discusses the history of language policy formation and defines leading tendencies stipulating current language policy in Japan. In the course of its functioning language policy in Japan manifested itself in standardization, codification, language internationalization and political measures to other languages. Currently language policy is directed towards supporting Japanese as a state language and other languages as minority languages.

Key words: language policy, codification, standardization, internationalization, national minority.


CAUSES, RESULTS AND «PROSPECTS» OF MODERN LANGUAGE VULGARIZATION

Nadiya Babych

Yuriy Fedkovych National University of Chernivtsi
2, Kotsubynskoho Str., Chernivtsi, 58012, Ukraine
nadiya.babych@i.ua

The article identifies the changes in psychological orientation of population, specific understanding of freedom, processes of globalization and internationalization in social life, modern intellectual systems that provide interface in artificial language etc. The author believes that ethical norms are ignored in the speech of many people of various age groups. It threatens the culture not of a particular nation, but of humanity in general since it leads to intellectual degradation of a person menacing the language as a genetic code of nation.

Key words: communicative competence, vulgarism, speech etiquette, national culture.


GERMAN BORROWINGS IN HUNGARIAN DIALECTS OF TRANSCARPATHIAN REGION (SOCIOLINGUISTIC AND LEXICAL ASPECTS)

Ingrid Turis

Mukachevo State University
26 Uzhhorodska Str., Mukachevo, Transcarpathian Region, Ukraine
ingrid.turis@gmail.com

German borrowings in Hungarian dialects of Transcarpathian Region are analyzed from the point of view of sociolinguistics and lexicology interaction. Data were collected in accordance with specially designed program. It has been revealed that all citizens are bilingual which leads to borrowings, interference, code-switching and language mixture. Five dictionary entries illustrate how representatives of different generations of Hungarians use German vocabulary.

Key words: borrowing, vocabulary, language interaction, bilingualism, polyethnical region.


MODERN UKRAINIAN PRESS AS A SOURCE OF INTRODUCING JARGON VOCABULARY

Nadiya Trach

National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
2, Skovorody Str., Kyiv, 04655, Ukraine
krasiya@yahoo.com

The article elucidates the problem of using jargonisms in modern Ukrainian press of national format and the influence of this phenomenon on linguistic norm formation. Particular attention is paid to political jargon which ceased to be an exclusive linguistic feature of politicians and journalists. The author proves that excessive usage of jargon constructions in mass media impairs linguistic norm of literary standard.

Key words: jargon, surzhyk, code-switching, linguistic norm.


CLASSICAL LVIV REGIONAL DIALECT AND ITS MODERN INTERPRETATIONS

Olessia Palinska

Lviv Polytechnic National University
12, Bandery Str., 79013, Ukraine
palinska_o@yahoo.com

The article discusses formation of classical Lviv dialect. The pilot study conducted by questioning the participants from different regions of Ukraine helped to discover ways of understanding this term and, in particular, of idiom. It examines the markers according to which the language is identified as «Lviv dialect». Based on comparing speakers’ assessment and results of linguistic analysis the differences between speakers’ perception and real features of Lviv regional dialect have been revealed.

Key words: regional dialect, Lviv regional speech, regional identity, attitude to language.


LINGUISTIC PORTRAIT OF INTELLECTUAL – CITIZEN OF KAMYANETS-PODILSKYI

Liudmyla Marchuk

Ivan Ohiyenko National University of Kamyantets-Podilskyi
61, Ohiyenka Str., Kamyantets-Podilskyi, 32300, Ukraine
helena_svidruk@mail.ru

The author of the article believes that research of city language as a certain type of national language allows differentiating the language of city citizens according to professional, educational and age levels. Certain features of language and speech behavior set apart professionals and scholars of arts and sciences. They include the representatives of older (over 60 years old), middle (36–59 years old) and younger (up to 35 years old) generations. The category content is territorially marked.

Key words: social role, intellectuals, communication act, speaker, linguistic portrait.


SOCIAL STIPULATION OF TRANSLATION STRATEGIES DEVELOPMENT

Anna Halas

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
anna_halas@mail.ru

The author discusses the function of regional and social dialects in dramatic works. The artic¬le aims at researching the strategies of dialect reproduction in different translation traditions. Based on the analysis of English drama translations possible ways of reproducing socially stipulated elements in drama have been suggested.

Key words: regional and social dialects, drama, translation strategies.


POLITENESS CATEGORY AS A MEANS OF DISCLOSING FACE-TO-FACE INTERACTION
(based on Edward Albee’s drama «Who’s afraid of Virginia Woolf?»)

Uliana Potiatynyk

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
ulianapo@gmail.com

The article explores the problem of face-to-face interaction between central characters of Edward Albee’s drama «Who Is Afraid of Virginia Woolf» from the standpoint of linguistic politeness theory developed by Penelope Brown and Stephen Levinson. Describing positive and negative speech acts as well as strategies of managing face-threatening acts the author explains the relations at ‘personal distance’ and defines their status and potential.

Key words: politeness category, «social face», face-threatening acts, positive/negative politeness, direct (bald on-record) strategies, indirect strategies.


NON-VERBAL BEHAVIOR IN SITUATIONS OF SOCIAL AND SITUATIONAL DOMINANCE

Mariya Havrysh

Khmelnytskyi National University
11, Instytutska Str., Khmelnytskyi, 29016, Ukraine
g_m_m@ukr.net

The author researches the role of non-verbal components of communication in asymmetric communicative situations. Non-verbal behavior strategy of situational dominant communicants which allows taking initiative in conversation is analyzed. Conclusions draw attention to voice modification, visual contact, body position, unrestrained gestures and facial expression.

Key words: person’s social status, non-verbal components of communication, social and situational dominance.