МОВА І СУСПІЛЬСТВО




Issue 2, 2011




PROBLEM OF LANGUAGE MIXING FORMS IN SOCIOLINGUISTICS

Olena Selivanova

Bohdan Khmelnytskyi National University of Cherkasy
81 Shevchenka Boulevard , Cherkasy, 18031, Ukraine
oselivanova@ukr.net

The article gives reasons for the status of mixed languages in linguistics. Key features of mixed languages in contrast to forms of language existence are discussed. Major types of mixed languages and their distinguishing parameters are characterized. The author takes into account linguists’ views on surzhyk and explains the factors of its stable nature.

Key words: forms of languages mixing, forms of language existence, pidgin, creole, mixed language, surzhyk.


SLANG AND OTHER SOCIAL DIALECTS IN THE WORKS OF CROATIAN LINGUISTS

Iryna Nykoliv

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
irynanykoliv@yahoo.com

The article focuses on the views of some Croatian linguists on ‘slang’ and other social dialects, such as ‘argot’ and ‘jargon’. On the basis of dictionaries of various types the author explores the content of Croatian counterparts ‘shatra’ and ‘shatkovachki’ denoting non-standard language. The reasons for slang origin and usage are disclosed.

Key words: slang, argot, jargon, ‘shatra’, non-standard language, social dialects.


SOCIO-LINGUISTIC STEREOTYPE : THEORETICAL ASPECT

Iryna Kudreyko

Donetsk National University
24, Universytetska Str., Donetsk, 83001, Ukraine
kudrejko@mail.ru

The article characterizes major features of stereotype and offers its definition. It serves as an indicator of speaker’s affiliation to a certain social group. The author traces elements of social linguistic stereotypes in professional, teenager and family speech.

Key words: socio-linguistic stereotype, social group, stereotype manifestation in language.


METAPHOR AS A MEANS OF GENDER STEREOTYPE VERBALIZATION

Tetiana Sukalenko

National University of State Tax Service of Ukraine
31, Karla Marksa Str., Irpin, Kyiv Region, 08201, Ukraine
sukalenko_78@mail.ru

The article identifies the mechanisms of generating feminine marked metaphorical meaning, the semantic correlation of direct and transferred meanings, the sources of evaluative content in metaphor, the role of figurative motivational components in metaphoric nomination of females, the archetype and mythological nature of metaphoric feminitives.

Key words: gender concept woman, gender stereotype, metaphor, metaphoric nomination, image paradigm, lexical semantic group, microconcept, conceptual aspect.


TRICHOTOMY PERFECT/NATIVE/FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN ANCIENT WORLD

Lidiya Svarychevska

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
Li52da@rambler.ru

The article examines the notion of ‘perfect language’ in connection with notions ‘native’ and ‘foreign’ language in ancient scholars’ interpretation. It is primarily concentrated on the works by Aristotle, Plato, Sextus Empiricus and Varro as representatives of various philosophical schools. The notion of ‘perfect language’ is disclosed via ethnical and ideal dimensions.

Key words: perfect language, native language, barbarian language.


THE ROLE OF SOCIOLINGUISTIC PARAMETERS IN HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Olha Kurpil

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
okurpil@yahoо.com

The article exemplifies that sociolinguistic analysis is indispensible for describing historical development of the English language since focusing solely on internal system factors cannot contribute to adequate elucidating of language development issues in diachrony. It presents the role of sociolinguistic parameters for exposing certain issues of language evolution.

Key words: diachronic sociolinguistics, sociolinguistics parameters, horizontal and vertical language diversity, language contacts, sociolects.


LANGUAGE LEGISLATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE FUNCTIONS IN HALYCHYNA SCHOOLS (SECOND PART OF XIX CENTURY)

Oksana Horda

National Agrarian University of Lviv
1, Volodymyra Velykoho Str., Dubliany, Lviv Region, 80381, Ukraine
tohorda@gmail.com

The article illustrates the role of language legislation in connection with the development of Ukrainian schooling and the functions of the Ukrainian language in education. Data collected make it possible to follow the growth of Ukrainian schools network. The Ukrainian language acquired a new status as a language of instruction. The period witnessed active efforts of teachers working on the grammar of the Ukrainian language.

Key words: Halychyna, language legislation, language situation, language(s) functions, education.


GRAMMATICAL CODIFICATION OF THE LITERARY UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE IN 20-30-IES OF XX CENTURY

Iryna Marushkevych

State Scientific Centre for Protecting Cultural Heritage from Technological Disaster of the Ministry of Emergency Situations
Kyiv, Ukraine
marushkewych@ukr.net

The article presents grammatical codification of the Ukrainian literary language of the 20– 30-ies of XX century as a result of social demand by the society. Based on the analysis of periodicals, one of the major instruments of language reforming strategy, the author defines the level of efficiency and perceptiveness of codified grammatical norms as well as their influence on forming language competency of language speakers.

Key words: grammatical codification, codification means, language situation.


LANGUAGE SITUATION IN UKRAINE IN CATEGORIES OF CLAUDE HAGEGE’S CONCEPT

Tetiana Fuderer

University of Zagreb
14 Marshal Tito Str., Zagreb, 10002, Croatia
tetyana.fuderer@inet.hr

The article systematizes distinctive features of the Ukrainian language functioning in Ukraine which are reviewed against the background of the theory of the French linguist Claude Hagege on three profiles of language extinction. In the course of contrasting the Ukrainian language situation with the principles of this concept certain processes of destabilization have been identified in the functioning of the Ukrainian language. Analysis of Ukrainian language situation causes certain concerns in relation to generalizations of the French researcher.

Key words: language situation in Ukraine, three profiles of language extinction, language decline, diglossial bilingualism, sociolinguistics .


SOCIOLINGUISTICS POLLING OF MILITIA AND MILITIA STUDENTS IN THE CITY OF ODESSA ON LANGUAGE SITUATION IN UKRAINE

Anastasiya Velyka

Illya Mechnikov National University of Odessa
2, Dvorianska Str., Odessa, 65082, Ukraine
anastasi86@inbox.ru

The article discloses the connection of sociolinguistics and linguistics and specifies major methods of sociolinguistic analysis. It reviews sociolinguistic polling conducted among militia officers and students with 150 questionnaires analyzed. Systematized answers of respondents come as ways of overcoming negative form of bilingualism in favor of poly-functional application of the Ukrainian language in the state.

Key words: sociolinguistics, language situation, bilingualism, opinion poll.


TYPES OF LINGUISTIC DEVIATIONS AS DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN BILINGUALS’ IDIOLECT

Volodymyr Trub

Institute of Ukrainian Language of National Academy of Science of Ukraine
4, Hrushevskoho Str., Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine
trub44@ukr.net

The article analyzes various types of deviations in modern language in Ukraine. The analysis is significant for understanding current state of language competence stipulated by continuous contacting bilingualism. The deviations under review are divided into three major types: 1) errors in the Ukrainian language stipulated by the influence of the Russian language; 2) errors in the Russian language stipulated by the influence of the Ukrainian language; 3) internal deviations in the Ukrainian language, i.e. the errors not related to the influence of the other languages.

Key words: speech, Ukrainian-Russian surzhyk, Russian-Ukrainian surzhyk, loan translation, intonation.


BILINGUALISM IN SOUTHERN UKRAINE (RETROSPECTIVE)

Volodymyr Demchenko

Kherson Law Institute of Kharkiv National University of Home Affairs
1, Fonvizina Str., Kherson, 73034, Ukraine
d.vovchyk@gmail.com

The article reviews peculiar features of forming bilingual opposition in Southern Ukraine. It analyzes the functions and forms of functioning of the Ukrainian and Russian languages and outlines the history of official settlement and results of social interference. The author employs etymological and historical argumentation.

Key words: bilingualism, language harmony, state language, sociolinguistic factors, Southern Ukraine.


LAUGHTER CULTURE AS A STRATEGY OF LANGUAGE HUMILIATION IN SITUATION OF SUBORDINATE BILINGUALISM

Larysa Masenko

National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
2 Skovorody Str., Kyiv, 04655, Ukraine
masenko14@gmail.com

Films starring comedians Tarapunka and Shtepsel have been reviewed to identify how surzhyk was used with manipulative aim to humiliate the Ukrainian language. The article also focuses on application of similar practice of laughter mass culture in popular TV programs in post-Soviet Ukraine.

Key words: bilingualism, surzhyk, Ukrainian-Russian mixed language, manipulative technology.


IDENTITY AND ITS LINGUISTIC COMPONENT IN HETEROGENEOUS SOCIETY : UKRAINIAN REALITY

Yaroslav Radevych-Vynnytskyi

National Scientific Research Institute of Ukrainian Studies
radwin@ukr.net

The article discusses peculiar features and linguistic component of a person and community, Ukrainian ethnical and political nation, manifestations and causes of aberrations in Ukrainian language identity as well as possible ways of its regeneration. The author believes that language identity is a variable capable of transforming.

Key words: identity, individual, ethnical and social communities, language identity, aberra¬tion in identity, identity regeneration.


UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE AND FORMATION OF NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS

Oksana Mykytiuk

Lviv Polytechnic National University
12, Bandery Str., 79013, Ukraine
mykytyukstek@ukr.net

The article discloses principal role of language in forming national consciousness. The Ukrainian language environment is characterized taking into account state language legislation, its actual implementation in school education system and the need to develop national culture. In author’s opinion it forms the future of the country.

Key words: Ukrainian language, national consciousness, language legislation, natural culture.


UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN SURZHYK IN SOCIO-COMMUNICATIVE SITUATION OF THE MARKET

Iryna Braha

Anton Makarenko State Pedagogical University of Sumy
87, Romenska Str., Sumy, 40002, Ukraine
iibraha@mail.ru

The article discusses the problem of using surzhyk in the market as a situation of spontaneous communication. It analyzes social and socio-psychological factors stipulating the choice of surzhyk in the defined case. In authors’ opinion, in sociocultural situation of Sumy market surzhyk is becoming a means of communicative adaptation of speakers to each other.

Key words: surzhyk, communicative situation of the market, choice of linguistic code.


LINGUISTIC PREFERENCES OF CHERKASY STUDENTS (BASED ON SOCIOLINGUISTIC OBSERVATIONS)

Larysa Kornovenko

Bohdan Khmelnytskyi National University of Cherkasy
81 Shevchenka Boulevard, Cherkasy, 18031, Ukraine
l-kornovenko@rambler.ru

The article examines the speech of the students of Bohdan Khmelnytskyi National University in Cherkasy tracing the influence of sociocultural environment on linguistic orientation of the youth in general. On the basis of the opinion poll it has been concluded that the native language (Ukrainian) is dominant not only in family communication, but also in educational establishment.

Key words: sociolinguistics, linguistic preferences, linguistic portrait, sociolinguistic opinion poll.


MULTICOMPONENT WOMEN NAMES IN LVIV NAME LIST (FIRST PART OF XX CENTURY)

Lesia Lunyo

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
1, Universytetska Str., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine
lesia-lu@ukr.net

The article reviews the reasons behind multicomponent names of Lviv citizens. The research data have been obtained by way of listing the names from parish birth registers of the first part of XX century available from St Paraskeva Church. Family and church influence on name choice has been examined alongside the correlation of these names with social group of newborn child’s parents.

Key words: multicomponent names, social group, name choice, Lviv, anthroponomical fashion.


FUNCTIONING OF ADVERTISING SLOGANS IN CONVERSATIONAL DISCOURSE

Liudmyla Dyadechko

National University of Bioresources and Nature Management of Ukraine
Heroyiv Oborony 15, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine
luda_dyadechko@mail.ru

The article focuses on the principles of advertising slogans functioning in the speech of Ukrainians. It provides data obtained from opinion polls. The author believes that studying advertising slogans, which tend to become collocations, is only possible in socio-cultural context since human mentality is formed under the influence of ethno-cultural values.

Key words: advertising slogan, advertising collocation, cognitive potential, socio-functional aspect.


PARENTS AND CHILDREN: STRATEGY AND TACTICS IN INTER-GENERATION COMMUNICATION

Olena Ruda

Institute of the Ukrainian Language
of National Academy of Science of Ukraine
4, Hrushevskoho Str., Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine
arudaya@yandex.ru

The article encompasses the issues of inter-generation communication tactics. The author takes into consideration the role of out-of-family communicative contacts, social dominance of young generation in modern economic sphere, status of communication participants etc. Each generation realizes their own language peculiarities as well as specificity of discourse construction within the group and with representatives of other groups.

Key words: communication tactics, convergence, divergence, communicative adjustment, manipulation.